Farmers are often considered to be a “jack of all trades”, and there is a reason for that. On any given day, they can be mechanics, construction workers, scientists, and meteorologists. What most people don’t think farmers specialize in is policy, but they do that too. It makes sense if you think about it. There are a lot of rules when it comes to farming, and they need to stay up to date on legislative issues because they directly affect their livelihood.
They have a lot to lose
Because farmers have so much invested, they also have a lot. In all reality, it is a wonder that farmers are able to survive in today’s economy. It may seem like their fields of green turn into the best kind of green (money), but that is not always the case. Farmers spend millions on their harvesters, planters fertilizers, irrigation, sheds, seeds and land but that doesn’t mean that they have millions. Their inputs cost so much, that they need the highest prices out of their outputs possible just to stay afloat. The government can help farmers through creating policies that help farmers yield the most out of their inputs.
Farmers are usually self-employed
In my family, my parents’ employers provide insurance and retirement, but that usually isn’t the case for farmers. Especially if the farmer’s spouse does not have outside employment, they have to make room in their income for things that most people are provided in the workplace. In order to afford this, they need to make their voice heard to lawmakers when it comes time to create policies like health care acts. Farmers also need the government to support companies that give them loans to make large purchases like equipment. Especially considering that farming is dangerous, farmers need insurance.
They care about their families
Even if they make enough to provide for their family right now, they can never be certain for the future. Farming is a family tradition. Most farmers have been passed down land from many generations, and they want to pass it down to their children. When farmers get involved in legislative issues involving agriculture, it is because they care about the future of their farm. One year yields could reach an all-time high, and the next year a drought could kill all of the crops. On top of this, land is becoming more and more valuable with technology advancements. Legislators need to implement policies that ensure long-term farming success, and they are more likely to listen to the farmers talk about their families than anyone else.
For some farmers, it’s a hobby
Policy is interesting. Even if a farmer runs a very successful operation, they might be involved just because they can make a difference for other farmers. The agriculture industry is huge, and companies have plenty of representation, but what politicians like to see are the real people, like farmers, who care.
Over the summer, I was able to see how involved farmers actually are in farm policy. They want to talk to legislators, and they want to be heard. Because farming is so necessary to our economy, farming is highly regulated. The people who know agriculture best are the farmers cultivating the land, which is why their voice matters the most.
University of Illinois